A Brief History of Espresso

A Brief History of Espresso


Luigi Bezzera, the owner of a manufacturing business invented Espresso at the turn of the century.

Luigi Bezzera was simply trying to figure out a way to brew coffee faster. He figured if he could just add pressure to the brewing process it would speed things up. Thus the “Fast Coffee Machine” was created. His idea of a fast cup of coffee turned out much better than he had planned, what he ended up with is a better, fuller tasting cup of strong coffee, as well as a much faster process. He found that the quicker more efficient brewing method allowed for the quality of the beans to be extracted as opposed to over extracting he had previously experienced. The term “Espresso” means fast in Italian, hence the term.

It wasn’t until later when Desidero Pavoni purchased the rights from Mr. Bezzera for the espresso machine that it became popular. Pavoni was extremely successful in marketing the product and probably changed the way people drink coffee from then on. Just look around! Coffee and Espresso shops are popping up everywhere, even in the U.S. it has become not only popular for the delicious beans, but has given us a new place to socialize.

Espresso Timeline:

In 1901 Luigi Bezzera filed a patent for the espresso machine that contained a boiler and four “groups”. Each group could take different size filters that contained the coffee. Boiling water was forced through the coffee and into a cup. Ambrogio Fumagelli says that this was the birth of (fast) espresso coffee.

In 1903 Luigi Bezzera’s patent was then purchased by Desiderio Pavoni and put to market in a big way.

In 1905 The Pavoni company begins manufacturing the espresso machines soley based on Bezzera’s patent.

In 1927 First espresso machine was installed in the United States. It was a La Pavoni Espresso Machine installed at Regio’s in New York.

In 1938 Cremonesi designed a piston pump that forced hot water through the coffee. It was installed at Achille Gaggia’s coffee bar.

In 1946 Gaggia begins manufacturing the commercial piston machine. Resulting foam or cream layered coffee or cafe’.





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How to Reduce Food Waste

How to Reduce Food Waste


No one likes to waste food. And yet we shamefully throw away tons of mouldy leftovers every week on trash day. It doesn’t have to be this way, though. Here are some easy doable ways to reduce the amount of food we waste.

It all Begins with Shopping…

If you shop smart, then you will have less waste. So let’s start with your shopping habits.

* Plan your meals – Planning what you’ll eat for the week and making a shopping list with only what you actually need, nothing more nothing less, will help you waste less. Skip the impulse buys and just buy what you absolutely positively need.

* Don’t buy in bulk – We know it seems like you save more and hey, with all of those extreme couponing shows out there it sure seems like you can pay next to nothing for a lot. But, what good does it do you if those 20 boxes of cereal expire before you get to eat it? You just end up throwing it away.

* Check the discount produce bin – Those bruised bananas and funny-shaped apples are often sold at a lower cost. There’s nothing wrong with this stuff, but remember: don’t overbuy, just get what you’re going to use. It might have a shorter shelf life, too, so make sure it’s something you plan on eating immediately.

Once You Get the Groceries Home

Now that you shopped smart, here’s where the real work comes in – at home.

* Rotate food – Have you ever worked at a grocery store or at least seen people out there straightening the shelves? Well, you may or may not know that they are checking the dates and rotating. The new stuff goes at the back and old stuff stays up front so that it gets sold/used faster. If you do this with your own groceries, then you will grab the open box of pasta instead of the new one when you’re cooking.

* Monitor – Watch what’s not getting eaten in time and figure out a way to make it last longer. Did you make a large pot of sauce and not finish it all? Well, next time either make less, or instantly freeze what you don’t use. Make adjustments to what you buy or how you cook and how you store things based on the patterns you see occurring.

* Know what you have and when it goes bad – If you have three jars of sauce, then you know you won’t be needing any more for some time. But if those three jars of sauce are about to expire, then you know you need to make sure to plan your meals around that and use them up right away so they don’t go to waste.

* Leftovers – Once a week eat up the leftovers. Better still, when you’re planning your menu, plan meals so you can use the leftovers in a new way. So if you have a roast chicken one night, the next night shred up that chicken and make chicken fajitas with the leftover meat. It will make for a quick meal because the chicken is already cooked and you won’t end up throwing away those leftovers.

* Use it all – Instead of peeling the skin off of the potatoes, leave it on, cook them in the skin and eat the skin too. Don’t cut off the flowers of broccoli either. Eat the whole thing.

* Is your fridge working right? Put a thermometer in your fridge to make sure it’s keeping the right temperature. If not, have it serviced or consider buying a new one if you can afford to.

* Find a new use for that soft produce – Just because that apple isn’t as crisp as you’d like doesn’t mean you can’t still use it. Make applesauce or use it in a smoothie or apple bread. Fruits and vegetables which have passed their peak can be juiced.

* Store it – If you store things properly in the fridge and freezer, they will last longer. Make sure freezer bags are sealed with as much air taken out of them as possible. In the fridge, having a tight lid on the food will keep it fresh longer.

Time To Eat

Now that you’ve done your shopping, have stored your food properly, and prepared your food based on what you have using as much of it as possible, it’s time to eat. Here’s how to be a part of the clean plate club:

* Have smaller portions – Don’t fill your plate. Start small; if you want more you can always go back for seconds. But start off with a reasonably small portion of food so you don’t feel that you have to force yourself to clean your plate.

* Did you try a new recipe that you didn’t like much? You know it’s not going to get eaten, so why not share it? Bring it to your elderly next-door neighbor or a friend. No point letting it sit in your fridge going to waste; someone will eat it.

* When eating out, split a dish. Sometimes the portions at a restaurant are more than we can eat, but if you share your meal, then nothing goes to waste.

* Get your doggy bag. If you don’t share a meal at a restaurant, then be sure to take your leftovers home. Toss in that bread from the table too. It won’t get reserved so it’s yours for the taking. Don’t leave it behind.

If you do these simple things, starting with shopping right, to then preparing and storing food, and finally eating the right portions, then you will notice much less food waste and much more savings in your pocket. Are you ready to reduce your food waste?





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Recycling: Putting An End To Junk Mail

Recycling: Putting An End To Junk Mail


In an average week how much junk mail comes to your home? For the average family, with two adults and two children, they could probably weigh their junk mail at the end of any given week to equal the weight of a small animal. An average home can get items from; clearing houses, credit card offers, insurance offers, mortgage advertisements and promises of lowering monthly mortgage bill, flyers, entries into contests that had never been entered in the first place, solicitations from charities and the ever present retail catalogs!

Along with the simple fact that all of these items are unnecessary and annoying, the amount of waste they create is drowning the average family in misused, unread paper. How can this issue be dealt with and the waste be reduced, or never produced, for us all over the country?

The answer to that question is, yes, there is something we can do to stop the madness of junk mail that litters our mail delivery every single day! There is a group that has done all of the work for us, and they have all of the information needed to put an end to the junk mail that we are assaulted with in just a few easy steps and with the patience of a few weeks.

First you add you register here: https://personal.help.royalmail.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/293/~/how-do-i-opt-out-of-receiving-any-leaflets-or-unaddressed-promotional-material%3F

and contact these people:

‘Your Choice’ Preference Scheme
Direct Marketing Association (UK) Ltd
DMA House
70 Margaret Street
LONDON
W1W 8SS

Telephone: 0207 291 3300
Fax: 0207 323 4165
Email: yourchoice@dma.org.uk

Also a charity website to stop unsolicited post; https://www.fundraisingregulator.org.uk/complaints/fundraising-preference-service





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Understanding Your Carbon Footprint – Eco Friendly Bambboo

Understanding Your Carbon Footprint – Eco Friendly Bambboo


When talking about living green or low impact living, you will often hear the term carbon footprint. But what is that and how do you know if you have lowered your carbon footprint by changing the way you live? Understanding your carbon footprint and how it’s figuring out is important when you’re trying to determine your low impact lifestyle. So here’s what you need to know about your carbon footprint.

What Is Carbon Footprint

Merriam-Webster dictionary defines carbon footprint as: “the amount of greenhouse gases and specifically carbon dioxide emitted by something (as a person’s activities or a product’s manufacture and transport) during a given period.”

A carbon footprint is broken down into two parts; a primary footprint and a secondary footprint. The primary footprint is the sum of the direct carbon dioxide emissions in burning fossil fuels by things like furnaces and transportation.

The secondary footprint is the sum of indirect carbon dioxide emissions. This includes those emissions associated with the manufacturing of a product and the breakdown of a product, as well as the services and food an individual or a business consumes.

Calculating Your Carbon Footprint

When you are trying to figure out your carbon footprint you are basically looking at the products you buy and determining how much energy was used to manufacture each product and get it to you. Buying local is going to reduce your carbon footprint considerably. Of course calculating how much fossil energy is used to produce an item is going to be difficult.

So something easier to calculate is your own use of fossil fuels. The amount of heating fuel and electricity we use in our home, how much gasoline and oil is used to get us from one place to another, and how many flights we take are more tangible for us to calculate.

Calculating the amount of carbon dioxide used when burning gas is quite straightforward. A standard amount of carbon dioxide is released when you burn this type of fossil fuel. Electricity is a little harder to calculate. It depends on your electric supplier and what they use to generate your energy. Wind energy produces no direct emissions, but coal uses the most.

Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

Now that you know what the carbon footprint is and how to calculate it, here are ways to begin reducing your carbon footprint:

* Reduce your junk mail. There are services which will remove your name from lists that send you junk mail and this will reduce your carbon footprint.

* Change your driving habits. That’s right, by following the driving rules and accelerating smoothly, following speed limits, maintaining your speed, and not slamming on the breaks you’ll reduce your CO2 output.

* Maintain your cars tires and keep up to date with tune-ups and oil changes and filter replacements.

* Carpool when you can.

* Reduce your travel and combine trips whenever you can.

* Think about how you get there. Take a train if you can or fly nonstop.

* Turn things off when you’re not going to be home. Unplug what you can.

* Use a programmable thermostat in your home.

* Reduce drafts in the home by using weatherstripping and caulking.

* Change your lights to incandescent.

* Get energy star appliances, electronics, shower heads, and toilets when it’s time to buy new.

* Reduce, reuse, and recycle.

Following all of these things will help you begin to reduce your carbon footprint.





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Arts and Crafts And Recycling

Arts and Crafts And Recycling


There are so many ways to integrate recycling with arts and crafts and still have hours of entertainment and maybe make a few holiday gifts.

One of people’s favorite crafts is decopauge. The materials needed to do this are simply old magazines, a pair of scissors, some white glue and something to decorate. I’ve seen people use this art medium on every kind of article from wooden boxes up to queen bed head boards.

Once you have the item (or items) you want to decorate you can put them aside and start flipping through the magazines for pictures and words that jump up at you or help convey something you want to say. The great thing about this craft is that there is no “wrong” way to do it. Some people will use an entire advertisement including the background in the ad and others may cut out the person or object from the background. The idea is to have a piece of a page to be layered upon the object to be decorated.

After you have enough pictures and words cut out you can start to decorate your object. The ideas and creativity, from this point on, are endless! Use all cut outs of flowers and birds to decorate your project, cut out every picture of a dog and see how many you can find and use all of them to decorate your recycled project!

Arrange your clippings onto the surface of whatever it is you’re going to reuse or decorate and put a layer of glue over the entire project. Using white glue or Mod Podge will give you a clear coating over your art and when that layer is dry, coat it again, and so on. The coatings of glue will protect your artwork and if you use a gloss-finish, it will have a nice shine to it, too.

I started making “Blessings Boxes” for the Christmas gifts I would give to my children’s teachers. I would reuse an old shoe box, and cover the entire outside of it with cut out pictures from magazines. The main objective was to cover up the shoe brand on the outside of the box with the pictures and words.

The idea behind the “Blessings Boxes” was that throughout the year, when there was a blessing in their life, maybe a ticket stub to a baseball game or a movie shared with a friend, birthday cards, get well cards, etc. they were to place these blessings into the box. The best part is that, during that year, when they had a day where they would feel blue or needed a smile, they knew they could always open their “Blessings Box” to be reminded of the beautiful things that have happened in their life.

These gifts were the talk of the elementary school the first year I made them and I will say that at the very beginning of every year after, my children’s teachers would let me know how beautiful they thought my creations were and (wink, wink) they wouldn’t mind getting one for themselves!

The best part is that I never spent extra money making one of those gifts! It was a success all due to being recycled materials.





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